BMW R-71 (Germany) ➤ Dnepr M-72 (USSR) ➤ Chang-Jiang 750 (CHINA)

BMW R-71 (Germany). 1938 (WIKI)

Dnepr M-72 (USSR).  1956 (WIKI)

The official version reads that, after long discussion and debate, the BMW R71 motorcycle was decided to most closely match the Red Army’s requirements. Five units were covertly purchased through intermediaries in neutral Sweden and smuggled to Russia. Soviet engineers in Moscow busily dismantled the 5 BMWs. They copied every detail of the BMW design and made moulds and dies to produce their own engines and gearboxes in Moscow. Everything about the bike was reverse engineered. Early in 1941, the first trial samples of M-72 motorcycles were shown to Stalin, who immediately approved production of the motorcycles.
— www.ural.cc

Chang-Jiang 750 (CHINA). late 1950s or early 1960s (WIKI

The CJ750 motorcycle is based on the original 1956 Soviet IMZ (Irbitski Mototsikletniy Zavod) M-72 which itself was derived from the earlier German 1938 BMW R71. Nearly all of them have sidecars. They are often erroneously referred to as BMW “replicas” when in fact, they are derivatives of the IMZ M-72.
— Wikipedia

Ford Prefect (UK) ➤ KIM 10-50 (USSR) ➤ Ford-Vairogs Junior (Latvia)

Ford Prefect (UK), 1938 (Wiki)

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KIM 10-50 (USSR), 1940 (Wiki)

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FORD-VAIROGS JUNIOR (LATVIA), 1938 (WIKI)

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Ford V8 40 Fordor (USA) ➤ GAZ M-1 (USSR)

Ford V8 40 Fordor (USA). 1934 (Wiki)

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GAZ M-1 (USSR). 1936 (Wiki)

Work began in 1933/34 on a replacement for the GAZ-A, again using a (newer) Ford model as the basis. The model in question was the Ford Model B, which was becoming available with a wide range of different bodies in North America.
— Wikipedia
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Ford Model A/AA (USA) ➤ GAZ A/AA (USSR)

In May 1929 the Soviet Union signed an agreement with the Ford Motor Company.Under its terms, the Soviets agreed to purchase $13 million worth of automobiles and parts, while Ford agreed to give technical assistance until 1938 to construct an integrated automobile-manufacturing plant at Nizhny Novgorod. Production started on January 1, 1932, and the factory and marque was titled Nizhegorodsky Avtomobilny Zavod, or NAZ, but also displayed the “Ford” sign. GAZ’s first vehicle was the medium-priced Ford Model A, sold as the NAZ-A, and a light truck, the Ford Model AA (NAZ-AA). NAZ-A production commenced in 1932 and lasted until 1936, during which time over 100,000 examples were built.
In 1933, the factory’s name changed to Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod, or GAZ.
— Wikipedia

Ford Model A/AA (USA). 1927 (Wiki/Wiki)

GAZ A/AA (USSR). 1932 (Wiki)

Bantam BRC-40 (USA) ➤ Ford GP (USA) ➤ Willys MA/MB (USA) ➤ GAZ 64/67 (USSR)

Bantam BRC-40 (USA). 1941 (Wiki)

FORD GP (USA). 1941 (Wiki)

Willys MA/MB (USA). 1941 (Wiki)

GAZ 64/67 (USSR). 1941  (Wiki)